Fisheries and Marine Resources
Fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its value (commercial, recreational, subsistence). It can be salt water or fresh water, wild or farmed e.g salmon, cod or tuna. The Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources is responsible for the resources in the sea and freshwater belonging to the government of Sierra Leone. The Ministry is also responsible for the management and development of the country’s fish. Every one in Sierra Leone needs fish everyday in the daily meal.
The Fisheries of Sierra Leone are of two (2) components: Artisanal and Industrial.
- Artisanal Fisheries concern local canoe fishermen in fresh waters and along the coast
- Industrial fisheries concern foreign fishing vessels licensed to fish in the Sierra Leone Territorial waters.
Eighty percent (80%) of the protein source for the population of Sierra Leone comes from the Artisanal fishermen. The bulk of the Industrial fish production is exported.
Moyamba District Council is endowed with a good network of fresh water and a very long coastline. This makes the district unique in terms of fishery and marine resources. Most of the fish we get in the District come from the coastal towns of Gbangbatoke and Shenge. Fishing is the main economic activities of the residents in the southern part of the District. The catch from these areas are sent to Bo, Kenema and sometimes Freetown. The need to expand and modernize the fish and marine industries in order to improve the fishing methods of these communities will be a welcome idea to ensure food security.
Problems of Fisheries and Marine Resources in the District
- Inadequate fishing boats and gears
- Foreign boats encroachment
- Lack of fish ponds
- No modern preservation facilities and stores
- High cost of fishing gears